First Discovered in 1810 by Sir Humphrey Davy, Gas Hydrates are also known as “Clathrate Hydrates”.The definition behind gas hydrates would be non-polar molecules (typically) gasses(O2, H2, N2, CO2, CH4, H2S, Ar, Kr, and Xe) frozen inside of the crystals hydrogen bonded water molecules (Hoffman, 2006). Most of the gas trapped inside these crystals is methane.
Gas Hydrates are found deep beneath the Earth's surface but are restricted to depths of < 2000 m. The only two suitable regions to contain gas hydrates however are deep oceanic sediments or polar continental sedimentary rocks (Vanneste, 2001).
It is believed that gas hydrates make up over 50% of all organic fuel sources on this planet. Due to the high levels of methane, gas hydrates are a very real risk for global warming. The release of such large amounts of methane into the atmosphere would have catastrophic effects on global warming (Shakhova, 2007).
Gas Hydrates are however a potentially massive source of natural gas energy. Currently there is no safe known way to harvest this potential vast energy source.